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SEC 450 - Data-Driven Instructional Methods for Middle and Secondary Teachers


This class emphasizes the science of teaching where data drives instruction, purposefully embeds higher order thinking and creates a variety of assessments.  My hope is that this page will enable you to be successful in this class and more importantly build up your teacher toolbox.


SED 450 Syllabi with Explanations

College Life

GCU Student Success Center

What is Title I



Quick Jump to Pedagogy

Developmentally Appropriate Learning

DOK Wheel

Using DOK to Increase Rigor

How to Apply Depth of Knowledge

DOK for Math

DOK Games

Cognitive Complexity DOK

Depth of Knowledge (DOK)

Bloom’s & DOK

DOK Questioning Strategies

Blooms vs DOK comparison

5 Lessons to Encourage Higher Order Thinking

21st Century Higher Order Thinking

Essential Question Articles

Questioning Techniques

Materials for Instruction

Design & Teach a Course


Learning Theories & Models

Instructional Design Models

Models and Theories of Curriculum Design

Learning Theories

More Learning Theories

Learning Theories and Associated Instructional Design

Overview of Learning Theories

Learning Theories Tools

Constructivist Learning Theory

Making Sense of Constructivism

More on Constructivism

Behavioral & Constructivist Outlined

Meta Cognitive Thinking

3 Curriculum Models

Learner Centered Approach

What is Subject Centered Approach

Student Centered Teaching

Problem Centered Methods

Problem Centered Learning

Theories in Educational Technology


Curriculum Unit Plans

Course Descriptions

Curricular Connections

English & Math Tested Curriculum

What is Curricular Integration

Interdisciplinary Learning

How to get started making Curriculum Units

Lesson Plans & Unit Plans

Peer Review of Lesson Plans

Strategies for Effective Lesson Planning

Backward Design

Benefits of Planning

Teaching Generation Z Students




Differentiated Learning & Instructional Strategies


What is Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated Instruction Videos

Implementing Differentiated Instruction

Strategies for Differentiated Instruction

Instructional Strategies that Support Differentiation

Learning Styles Inventory

Overview of Learning Styles

Multiple Intelligences

Integrate Learning Style Activities

Are Learning Styles Important?


See Cindy’s Instructional Strategies Webpage

Best Practices Teaching Strategies

Instructional Strategies List

More Instructional Strategies

Instructional Strategies that Employ DOK

Bell Work

Questioning Techniques

Storming, Norming, Performing

Cooperative Learning Conference

Cooperative Learning Tasks

Additional Cooperative Learning

Competitive vs Cooperative Learning

Cooperative Learning Structures

Cooperative Strategies

Interactive Notebooks

Socratic Seminar

Socratic Seminar Rationale

Classroom Seating Arrangements

Literacy Strategies

Solving Math Word Problems

Academic Language on Lesson Plans

How to Study

Prepare Students for College


Measurable Objectives – Think of the learning objectives as a set of skills, knowledge, or abilities that your students will be able to master at the end of the lesson. Then consider the assessment as a way for the student to prove they are capable of that mastery.


Learn to Read your Standards

Introduction to Unpacking your Standards

Unpacking your Standards

Moving from Standards to Objectives

Bloom’s Verb Wheel

ABCD Measurable Objective

Writing Measurable Learning Objectives

Integrating Bloom’s with Technology

Definitions of Learning Objectives

Aims and Objectives

Connecting Teachers, Students & Objectives

Teach by Sharing your Objectives

Varied Assessments Test is not a four-letter word, doesn’t take time from learning, not bean-counting tactic or make you teach to the test!  Tests are learning experiences by themselves and must be integrated within learning activities. In short, assessment IS a form of teaching & learning. 


Please see my Assessments Webpage

Why Assessment is important

Formative & Summative Assessments

Elements of Mastery

Assessment of Learning Outcomes

Assessment Best Practices

Best Practices for Creating Tests

Conduct Assessments of Learning

Assessment Tutorial

Authentic Assessments

Differentiated Assessments

How to Design Assessments

Assessment Design Toolkit

Constructing Tests

Design Student Assessment

Classroom Assessment

Writing Great Multiple-Choice Questions



Rubric Information

Rubrics to the Rescue

Special Education Rubric

Rubric Handout

Know your Rubric Terms

How to Create a Standards-Based Rubric

Assessment and Rubrics

Math Menu Rubric

Math Rubric

Math Rubric Generator

Math Assessment Rubric

Make Test Review Fun

Formative Assessment Practices

75 Digital Formative Assessment Tools

20 Simple Assessments

Bloom’s Sample Test

How to Use Assessment Tools

ProProff Testing Software

Family Score Report AzMerit

Information on AZ State Test

Difference between NRT & CRT

More on NRT & CRT

Norm vs Standards Reference Tests

Interpret Standards Reference

Criterion vs Norm Reference Tests

Measurement & Evaluation

SAT Assessments

History of the SAT

Align Standards, Objectives, Activities and Assessments –

Align Assessments with Objectives

Instructional Resources

How to Align your Assessments to your Objectives

How to write an assessment based on the objective

Assessment and Instructional Alignment


Accommodation Tools to Meet IEP Requirements


See my Special Education Webpage

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

About IDEA

Disabilities and Special Education

Sample 504 & IEP Plans

Accommodation and Modification Differences

Accommodations vs Modifications

Types of Assessment Accommodations

Diversity and Accommodations Tutorial

19 Simple Student Accommodations

Guide to the Inclusive Classroom

Supporting All Students with Inclusion


Direct Instruction

Rubrics for Special Education Students

Sample IEP Rubric

Holistic Rubrics

Technology Tools on Academic Progress




Data Collections


Why Teachers must be Data Experts

16 Teacher Hacks for Making Data Collection A Piece of Cake

Using Data to Understand your Students

Using Data to Provide Feedback

How to Use Data Effectively

Search for School Data

Student Data can Inform your Teaching

Back to School Tips for Teachers: Collecting Student Data



What is Data Driven Instruction

Collecting Data in the Classroom

Data Walls

Collecting Student Data

Data Driven Professional Development

Formative Assessments to Track Student Data

56 Different Ways to Gather Evidence

Professional Development & Networking


Social Studies Blog

Math Blogs

Another Math Blog

English Teacher Blogs

How to Start a Blog

InTASC Standards Summarized


Classroom Response Systems

Time for Reflection

Arizona Educator Proficiency Assessments

Teacher Test Study Guides


Az Teacher/Principal Evaluation

Arizona Teacher Evaluation Report



Thank you for a wonderful journey! Your self-learning starts from here!  "It is good to have an end to journey toward, but it is the journey that matters in the end." --Ursula K. LeGuin



Updated 1/5/2020

Email Address:         Cindy.Barnes@my.gcu.edu
Phone Number:        (480) 685-0116
Postal Address:         Grand Canyon University